As a result of the researches conducted and supported by the Australian Academy of Sciences, one of the most important roles in the continuation of human life has been given to honey bees.
I tried to bring you the information about honey bees, which are so important for our lives, for you enjoyable reading.
One Of Every 3 Meals We Consume İs Possible Thanks To Bees:
Human life and societies are built on highly complex and fragile foundations. Some factors can affect our quality of life or even our lives more significantly than we think. One of these factors is honey bees. One of every 3 meals we consume is possible thanks to bees. Honey bees are so important that if they die, thousands of crops die with it. This will result in millions of people starving in the following years.
Einstein: 'If Bees Die, Humans Die In The Following Years.':
First of all, honey bees have a great economic importance. The financial value of plants pollinated each year is around $ 265 billion. In an ecosystem without honey bees, the food we consume disappears or there is a huge drop in production. In addition to foods such as apples, onions and zucchini, the presence of honey bees plays a very important role in foods such as plants used in livestock, milk and meat.
The following quote of Einstein is frequently quoted; "If the bees die, people die in the following years." He probably didn't actually say that, but there is certainly some truth to the discourse. Although it is disturbing to explain this situation, the bees are starting to disappear, that is, they are dying. Millions of hives have become dysfunctional in recent years. Beekeepers around the world report 30% to 90% annual loss.
The Enemy of Honey Bees is Too Much:
The number of hives, which was 5 million in 1998, has dropped to 2.5 million today. Since 2006, the so-called 'Colony Collapse Disorder' has affected many countries. Although scientists still do not know exactly what the cause is, all they know is that this situation is very serious. For decades we've seen bee infestations of some dangerous enemies. Parasites that seem straight out of a horror movie, like Acarapis woodi, are taking over the trachea of bees by microscopic mites. They spread their eggs and feed on the victim's liquid. They weaken them and continue their entire lives in bees.
Sometimes The Bee Is Not Killed, The Defective Bees Appear:
Another enemy of bees is Varroa Desctructor. These creatures multiply in beehives and become the worst enemy of bees. Female mites enter the bee's blood cell and spread their eggs to the larvae before the pupa stage (the stage where the bee changes in the egg) and before the hive bees cover the cell. The eggs are broken and the young mites and their mothers are safely feeding in the closed cell of the developing bee.
The bee is not killed during this period, it just falls out of power. Thus, the bee still has the power to get out of its cell and pulls itself out. When she goes out, the mother mite and her offspring also come out. They can now span the entire hive. They provide this cycle every 10 days. In just a few months their numbers are growing, which can lead to the collapse of the entire hive. Once they get out of the cell, they can also absorb bees' body fluids and significantly weaken them. Even worse, by carrying viruses, they cause further damage to bees. This leads to defective bees. Like wings that don't work.
Another Enemy of Bees: Toxic Gases:
There are other dangers to bees, such as viruses and fungi. Under normal circumstances, this should be controllable, but it doesn't explain the enormous amount of bee loss. New insecticides that kill bees have been introduced in recent years. Neonicotinoids are the most prominent of these. This chemical is similar to the nicotine family and was produced in the 90s as an alternative to DDT.
The process of action is as follows: They attack the nervous system of insects. Today, it is used as the most preferred insecticide. In 2008, they saw sales of € 1.5 Billion worldwide. It accounts for 24% of pesticide sales in the world. In America in 2013 Neonicotinoids were used for canola and corn plants. In addition, it was used in the majority of plants and fruits, apples, cherries, peaches, oranges, mulberries, green leaves, tomatoes and potatoes, cornflakes, rice, nuts, grapes and more.
We Have To Protect Our Environment For Ourselves, İf Not For Nature!
Bees come into contact with the venom through the poisonous water during pollination. They often bring this venom to the hive. The poison that accumulates here slowly kills the entire colony. Toxins cause terrible harm to bees in many ways. With a sufficient dose, they can cause seizures, paralysis and death. Even a small amount is enough to be fatal. They cognitively damage the bees and, perhaps most importantly, make the bees forget to find their way so they can get away and disappear and die far from the hive. The frequent repetition of this situation prevents the hive from sustaining itself.
There are other reasons that contribute to the death of bees. Genetic diversity, producing uniform crops, low nutrient levels due to rapid harvest, harmful human activities and other harmful pesticides. While each problem in itself is a big problem for bees, it is probably the cause of the 'colony collapse disorder' together. In recent years, honey bees have been fighting for life and death because of this game of parasites. If they lose it means chaos for humanity. This is a problem we have to solve if we want to continue living in abundance. Humanity is deeply connected with the world and other life forms, and that's the case even though we pretend to be not. We have to protect our environment to survive, if not the beauty of nature.
A Few Interesting Facts About Honey Bees:
Speaking of such honey bees, I would also like to give you some interesting information about them:
They do not have a very long life, they live around 50 days on average.
Although honey bees have a very small brain, they have a surprising ability to learn complex things. They can learn in great detail, at what time of day, from which flowers they can get the best flower powders, and the main characteristics of the land around their hive.
Honey bees do not hear sounds, they are all deaf.
The reason is unknown, but only female honey bees work.
Finally, perhaps most interestingly, a study conducted in 2011 revealed that honey bees can have emotions and act according to these emotions.